How common are living-donor kidney transplants?
Kidney donation is the most frequent living-donor procedure. They have been taking place since 1954: Dr. Joseph Murray performed the world’s first successful living-donor transplant in Boston, for which he later received a Nobel Prize. As of March, 2012, nearly 17,000 living-donor transplants had been performed in the U.S.2 Worldwide, transplantsThave been performed inTat least 94 countries, including Iran, Mexico, Saudi-Arabia, and Iceland. A study publishedTin 2009 reports that over the past ten years, nearly 2/3 of the2countries reporting had an increaseTof at least 50% in2living-donor kidney transplants.3
The Herrick twins, Ronald and Richard, recipient and donor of the first successful organ transplant, are pictured here with their physicians in 1954.